Scaling & Root Planing
The initial stage of treatment for periodontal diseases is usually a thorough cleaning. The objective of this therapy is to remove etiologic agents such as dental plaque and tartar which cause periodontal diseases.
When scaling is performed, calculus and plaque that attaches to the tooth surfaces is removed. The process especially targets the area below the gum line, along the root. Scaling is performed with a special dental tools and instruments. The scaling tool usually includes an irrigation process that can be used to deliver an antimicrobial agent below the gums to help reduce oral bacteria.
Root planing is performed in order to smooth and polish the root surface. Smoothing the root surfaces of the teeth promotes healing, and also helps prevent bacteria from easily colonizing in the future.