Ridge augmentation is a common dental procedure performed in order to recreate the natural contour of the gums and jaw bone, known as the alveolar ridge, which may have been lost as a result of a tooth extraction, periodontal diseases or infection.
Rebuilding the original height and width of the alveolar ridge may be required for dental implant placement, or for aesthetic purposes. Dental implants require bone to support their structure, and a ridge augmentation can help rebuild this bone in order to accommodate the implant.
A ridge augmentation is accomplished by placing bone graft material in the deficient area. A collagen membrane is usually placed over the graft to help maintain the height and width of the space. Next, the gum tissue is placed over the site and secured with sutures. The bone graft must heal for 3-4 months until it is ready for dental implant placement.